What is the role of Parliament in the formation of the government?

400 deputies sit in the Chamber, 200 senators in the Senate, excluding those for life. Here is how and how much they affect the composition of a new executive and its work, from trust to questions

Not always and, often with poor results, one wonders how much the Chamber and Senate affect the Government, its formation and its activity. To date, after the reduction in the number of parliamentarians, there are 400 deputies in Montecitorio, while 200 senators sit in Palazzo Madama, excluding those for life.

Who assigns the task to form the Executive? What happens next?

The legal deadlines and deadlines provide that the first meeting of the Chambers be convened within 20 days of the vote. From that moment on, the election of the two Presidents took place. So it is the turn of the formation of parliamentary groups. Once the presidents of the Chamber and Senate have been elected, consultations take place, during which the Head of State meets the various delegations. Recent practice has it that the party leader is also present in the delegation together with the group leaders of the Chamber and Senate.

What are consultations for?

The consultations are made because then it will be the groups present in Parliament to vote or not to trust the Government. The task of training him is assigned by the President of the Republic after listening, mediation and counting the numbers: consultations, in fact. A round of meetings is not necessarily enough, especially if the elections did not indicate a clear government majority. The objective of the Quirinale – where possible – always remains to give a stable government to the country.

When does Parliament start its activity and what tools does it have?

Once in office and after voting for confidence, Parliament begins its guidance activity. There will be a majority supporting the executive and an opposition (or more than one). Among the tools in his possession there are agendas and motions, with which he gives his indications. Furthermore, the Parliament can then have interpellations and questions with which it asks for explanations, again from the government, and information on its activities. The questions consist of a written question where the government is asked if a certain fact is true, if it is aware of it and if measures will be taken: the answer can be given by the minister (related to that topic), by the prime minister or by an undersecretary in writing or orally during the meeting. The questioner can reply to state whether or not he is satisfied with the answer. Finally, in the interpellations the fact is taken for granted, the reasons for the government’s conduct and future intentions are asked, everything is done in writing. If the questioner is not satisfied with the answer, he or she can file a motion and initiate a discussion.