Who is Marta Cartabia, among the possible candidates for the Presidency of the Republic

The current Minister of Justice of Mario Draghi’s executive is one of the possible candidates for the Quirinale. In the event of an election, she would be the first woman to go to the Colle. She is a professor of European constitutional and public law, she had been appointed judge of the Consulta since 2011 and vice-president in 2014. In December 2019 she became the first woman elected president of the Constitutional Court

In the race for the Colle no woman has ever managed to be elected and so far it has never even happened that she came close to it (THE SPECIAL). Until 1978, in fact, no woman’s name was noted in the minutes of the elections. But in recent weeks the hypothesis has taken shape that Sergio Mattarella’s successor may be a woman, in what would be an absolute first time at the Quirinale (NAMES IN LIZZA – THE POLL – HOW THE VOTE WORKS). Among the most eligible candidates is that of Marta Cartabia, who currently heads the Ministry of Justice in the Draghi government. Her role in the executive is seen as a guarantee of continuity with the Prime Minister’s policies (and in fact she is also considered a name that can be spent for Palazzo Chigi if Draghi were to be elected at Colle).

Who is Marta Cartabia

Born in 1963, originally from San Giorgio su Legnano, in the Milanese area, she became the first woman elected president of the Constitutional Court, unanimously voted by the judges of the Council, on 11 December 2019. Cartabia, appointed constitutional judge in 2011 by Giorgio Napolitano and Vice-president of the Council since 2014, he is a lecturer in constitutional law. In August 2019, her name had circulated among the hypotheses for the post of premier after the fall of the first Conte government. In February 2021 she was appointed Keeper of the Seals in Mario Draghi’s executive.

The carreer

Cartabia graduated with honors in law from the University of Milan in 1987, discussing the thesis “Is there a European constitutional law?”: Her supervisor is Professor Valerio Onida, future president of the Constitutional Court. In 1993 you obtained your PhD in law from the European University Institute of Fiesole. After specializing at the University of Aix-Marseille on the issues of comparative constitutional justice, she has periodically carried out research activities abroad, particularly in the United States of America. From 1993 to 1999 she was a researcher in constitutional law at the University of Milan and between 1993 and 1995 she worked as a study assistant at the Constitutional Court. You are a member of the Italian Association of Constitutionalists. Subsequently she was professor of public law institutions at the University of Verona; since 2004 she is full professor of constitutional law at the University of Milan-Bicocca, where she has also been the holder of the Jean Monnet course in European constitutional law. You have taught in numerous universities, in Italy and abroad, including Tours, Toulon, San Sebastián, Eichstätt. She was Inaugural Fellow at the Straus Institute for Advanced Study in Law and Justice (New York University). You have management positions in numerous national and international trade journals and is one of the founders, as well as co-director, of the Italian Journal of Public Law, the first Italian legal journal entirely in English.

First female president of the Constitutional Court

On 2 September 2011 she was appointed judge of the Constitutional Court by the then President of the Republic Giorgio Napolitano. She is the third woman to be appointed judge after Fernanda Contri and Maria Rita Saulle; she is also among the youngest judges ever appointed. On 12 November 2014 she was appointed vice-president of the Constitutional Court by her president Alessandro Criscuolo, being reconfirmed on 24 February 2016 by the newly elected president Paolo Grossi and on 8 March 2018 by president Giorgio Lattanzi. In 2018 the professor’s name was indicated as a possible technical minister of the Cottarelli government, who was never born. Subsequently, in August 2019, after the fall of the first Conte government, Cartabia was indicated among the possible candidates for the post of premier of an executive supported by the M5s-Pd alliance. From December 2019 until 13 September 2020 she was president of the Constitutional Court. A mandate of only 9 months, since his appointment to the Consulta began in 2011 and the office of constitutional judge cannot last more than nine years.

The role of Keeper of Seals

On 13 February 2021 Cartabia became Minister of Justice in the government of Mario Draghi, the third woman to hold the post after Paola Severino and Annamaria Cancellieri). In your first year as Keeper of the Seals, you worked on the reforms of the criminal trial and civil trial (approved in Parliament in November), which are also important for obtaining European PNRR funds.